Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA): About | Benefits
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan: Introduction
It is a central focus initiative of the Indian government that was launched in 2001 with the goal of achieving the Universalization of Elementary Education (UEE). The Indian Constitution's Article 21 A declared free and compulsory education for children aged 6 to 14 to be a fundamental right, giving the SSA its legal foundation. SSA strives to adhere to this fundamental right's requirements in a timely manner.
The SSA Program is run by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), which is part of the Government of India (GoI). It has been in operation since 2000-2001.
The following list contains some key SSA information:
- SSA is referred to as a movement for "Education for All."
- Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the former Indian prime minister, is known for creating the SSA program.
- This initiative is being carried out by the Central Government in collaboration with the State Governments.
- The SSA's original deadline for achieving its goals was 2010, but it has since been extended.
- Aiming to serve 1.1 million households with 193 million children, SSA aims to provide free educational infrastructure.
- The Indian Constitution's 86th Amendment Act gave the SSA legal support when it mandated free and compulsory education for children between the ages of 6 and 14. The New Education Policy 2020 seeks to reintegrate about two crore out-of-school kids.
- An estimated 6.2 crore school-age children (those between the ages of 6 and 18) were not enrolled in school in 2015, according to the National Education Policy of 2019.
- A constituent of the SSA is "Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat".
- To track the SSA program, the government has launched a portal with the name "Shagun." It was created by the World Bank and the Ministry of Human Resources Development.
Major Goals of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan :
Following the passage of the Right to Education Act in 2010, the SSA adopts a comprehensive strategy to achieve its goals. The goals are to improve management, planning, management, teacher preparation, and curriculum. The following is a list of SSA's broad goals:
- To establish new schools in areas with no existing educational institutions
- To make the current school infrastructure stronger
- To offer alternative educational facilities
- To build new schools
- To expand the number of classrooms, bathrooms, and water fountains in the schools and other basic infrastructure ,Grants for school improvement must continue
- To give children free uniforms and textbooks
- Strengthen the teaching staff in the schools where there is a teacher shortage. Such schools are provided with additional teachers.
- To improve and strengthen the capabilities of the current teachers in the schools by: Extensive Training
Maintaining the grants allows for the development of teaching materials.
At the cluster, block, and district levels, the academic support infrastructure is being bolstered.
- To give students both quality education and life skills
promoting both the education of children who are differently abled or who have special needs, as well as the education of girls (the larger goal being to change the status of women).
- Additionally, the Ministry of Human Resources and Development states that the SSA aims to provide children from the following groups with equal educational opportunities:
ST Minority of Muslims
Agricultural laborers who lack land, etc.
- To comprehend the educational requirements of historically excluded groups
SSA also aims to close the digital divide by providing kids with computer education.
The Universalization of Elementary Education's (UEE) primary areas of focus are:
everyone has access to quality education, widespread enrollment
omnipresent retention, providing all kids with high-quality elementary education.