Career Opportunity In Veterinary | Government and Private Sector.

Career Opportunity In Veterinary | Government and Private Sector.

Livestock is pivotal to the Indian economy. In terms of production, value addition, and export of dairy, fishery, wool, meat, poultry, and other products, the livestock sector is performing well. Aside from nutritional security, the livestock sector provides year-round employment and income to landless, marginal, and small farmers. The success of the livestock sector is dependent not only on farmers, but also on Veterinary services. Veterinarians play a variety of roles, including assisted breeding through artificial insemination, health care, and extension services. Any imbalance in the growth of livestock population and veterinary manpower would have a critical effect on livestock production, leading to drastic consequences such as nutritional insecurity, unemployment, and poverty. As a result, the career scope of veterinary science is broad and expanding.

The Impact of Veterinary Science on the National Economy

India is regarded as an agricultural country. 60% of its population still relies on agriculture and allied sectors for a living.

Livestock plays an important role in the country's socioeconomic development.

The agricultural sector has expanded rapidly over the last two years. The sector, which employs the most people, accounted for a sizable 18 percent (2021-22) of the country's Gross Value Added (GVA), growing at a rate of 3.6 percent in 2020-21 and 3.9 percent in 2021-22. Growth in allied sectors such as livestock, dairying, and fisheries has been the primary driver of overall agricultural growth.

Milk is the most valuable agricultural commodity in terms of monetary output.

Livestock is the best insurance against natural disasters such as drought, famine, and other natural calamities.

Livestock supplemented family income and provided gainful self-employment, especially for landless laborers, small and marginal farmers, and women.

The livestock sector not only provides essential proteins and a nutritious human diet through milk, eggs, meat, and other byproducts, but it also plays an important role in the utilization of inedible agricultural byproducts. Manure, hides, skin, blood, bone, fat, and other byproducts of livestock are also available.

Animals are natural capital that can be easily reproduced to act as a living bank with offspring as interest, as well as insurance against income shocks caused by crop failure and natural disasters.

Veterinary Medicine and Veterinary Science Scope : Employment Perspective

Veterinary medicine is the branch of medicine that deals with disease, disorder, and injury prevention, control, diagnosis, and treatment in animals. It also deals with animal husbandry, breeding, nutrition research, and product development. Working with animals and devising solutions to animal health problems are both aspects of veterinary science and veterinary medicine. Veterinary medicine careers, on the other hand, emphasize hands-on animal care, whereas veterinary science careers emphasize research and instruction. Veterinary science is concerned with the care and treatment of all animals. Veterinary science studies everything from preventive care to psychological analysis and complex surgical problems. A veterinarian's job includes scientific breeding and handling of livestock and birds, performing surgery, vaccinating animals and birds against diseases and controlling zoo notic diseases, and educating his/her client, i.e., animal owners, about public health and hygiene, as well as conducting research on animals for the benefit of society. A veterinarian can also work in wildlife conservation. Veterinary Science has advanced to a new level with advancements in Animal Stem Cell Engineering, Aquatic Biotechnology Concepts, Animal Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Animal Cloning and Transgenic Animals, and other areas.

Job Opportunities

A veterinarian can specialize in a particular species or group of animals, such as large animals such as horses, cows, and sheep, or small animals such as cats and dogs. Some veterinarians work for the government, educating and encouraging livestock farmers to improve the quality of their animal stock, administering vaccinations, medicines, or artificial insemination, and handling disease control and eradication. Other areas of specialization for veterinary doctors include wildlife conservation, poultry management and health care, livestock insurance, and rural development. They also work for pharmaceutical companies to develop new medical treatments for animals, and they provide alternative and complementary medicine for animals in the holistic field.

Pathway to a Career

You must first earn a Bachelor of Veterinary Science (B. VSc), which takes 5 years. To be admitted to this course, you must pass the NEET (National Eligibility Cumulative Entrance Test) after completing your 12th grade, which will assess your knowledge of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Following that, in order to practice, you must first be registered with the State Veterinary Council. The license can only be obtained after completing a 6-month internship with the council. To pursue a Master of Veterinary Science program, candidates must have completed their Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVSc) from a recognized university with a minimum of 50% in their graduation. Environmental science, biotechnology, forestry and wildlife science, forensic science, microbiology, marine sciences, oceanography, and other related fields of study are available. If you want to work with animals, you could get a BSc in Zoology and then take courses in Wildlife Protection or Zoological Studies to work for a zoological park or a wildlife protection organization. Project Tiger in India, the World Wildlife Fund, and other wildlife protection organizations seek zoologists, veterinarians, and other specialists to work on conservation programs and research ways to preserve wildlife in the country.

Eligibility Criteria

To be successful, veterinarians must have a wide range of physical and mental skills, ranging from practical skills like performing surgery on animals to interpersonal skills like showing empathy to clients.

Analytical capabilities

Scientific aptitude

Dexterity in manual tasks

Interpersonal competencies

Organizational capabilities

abilities to solve problems

Academic Competencies- All veterinarians must have a strong understanding of math, science, language, and research, as well as a lifelong commitment to work. They must be up to date on new scientific developments. They must be willing to attend continuing education classes and conferences in their fields of expertise.

They must be aware of new drugs and techniques, and they must maintain contact with representatives who supply new types of medical equipment and supplies to the clinic.

Opportunities for Veterinary Doctors: You can work in established clinics under the supervision of senior doctors or establish your own private practice. You could also work in research, education, or diagnostic laboratories. Various non-governmental organizations (NGOs) also consult with veterinarians. Career opportunities for veterinarians can be broadly classified according to employment agencies.


Government at the state level

Sectors that have been centralized

Local governments/municipalities/panchayats

The private sector as well as

Self-employment in a private practice

State Government Animal Husbandry Departments: Various state governments hire veterinary graduates as veterinary officers/veterinary surgeons. These positions are filled through the respective State Public Service Commissions, and the minimum qualification is a graduate degree in veterinary sciences. State veterinarians may be responsible for animal health coverage, animal reproduction, veterinary and animal husbandry extension, meat inspection, and cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, pig, and poultry production, breeding farms, and so on. Some veterinary graduates work in the State Government's disease diagnostic laboratories, while others work in biological production units. These veterinary officers also look after the various development programs of government agencies.

Pradeshik Cooperative Dairy Federation:

PCDFs are involved in the production/procurement of milk and milk products, as well as the upliftment of dairy animals, through cooperative societies. It offers livestock farmers animal health care, veterinary extension, and animal reproduction services. It has a large number of veterinary graduates working for it. The job is difficult and requires a lot of effort.

Entrepreneurship: For an aspiring, forward-thinking, competent, confident, and hard-working young veterinarian, opening one's own veterinary clinic is the best bet. In this venture, he is his own master. Private clinics have proliferated in large numbers in major cities and towns. Veterinarians in cities are limited to small animal practice, whereas in towns, they engage in mixed practice. Some of these practitioners also engage in canine breeding, which is very rewarding because there is a high demand for pedigreed puppies.

Banks and insurance companies: Most nationalized banks and insurance companies hire veterinary graduates to supervise and monitor the sanctioning/awarding of funds for the purchase of milch animals under various loan schemes, as well as the preparation and screening of various project proposals, among other things. Before pursuing this career, keep in mind that veterinarians employed by these organizations do not have the opportunity to provide professional services in the treatment and control of animal diseases.

Pharmaceutical Companies: A large number of Indian and multinational pharmaceutical companies have entered the veterinary drug and pharmaceutical manufacturing business. They hire veterinary graduates for drug and vaccine production, quality control, and marketing. The job is difficult, demanding, and requires professionalism.

Remount Veterinary Corps (RVC): The Indian Army's RVC offers a very rewarding career to an aspiring and dedicated veterinary graduate who is looking for a disciplined and active lifestyle. Veterinary graduates are chosen for short-term or permanent commissions and are recruited through the Services Selection Board. Breeding, feeding, management, disease control, and treatment of army animals are all part of the job, as is managing breeding centers, remount depots, slaughter houses, military dairy farms, and so on.

Paramilitary Forces: The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Border Security Force (BSF), and other paramilitary forces hire a limited number of veterinary graduates to manage dog and equine breeding centers and provide animal health coverage and surveillance.

Diagnostic Laboratories: A number of disease investigation centers offer rapid diagnostic services. Such laboratories also hire veterinarians to perform disease diagnostics.

Zoos and National Parks: While zoos and national parks receive veterinary assistance through their respective animal husbandry departments, some of them hire their own veterinary officers to care for their animals. The job is both difficult and rewarding.

Teaching and Research Organizations: Veterinary graduates with higher qualifications, such as M.VSC, Ph.D., etc., are employed by various academic and research institutes of various state universities/colleges, UPSC, ICAR, and so on. They are involved in teaching, research, and outreach.

Colleges/Institutes for Veterinary Science include the Indian Veterinary Research Institute in Bareilly, the Banaras Hindu University in Varanasi, the College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry in Aizawl, and the Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences in Hisar, among others.

Wings for Research and Development: Most pharmaceutical and other organizations have research and development wings for carrying out trials or developing clinical trial protocols. They also hire a few veterinary students. However, they prefer Master's and Ph.D. degree holders in their respective specializations to take on the difficult task.

Top Veterinary Science Recruiters:

The Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) (IVRI)

Terzetto Pharmaceutical Metrics

PETA India is a non-profit organization.

The paramedical department of the CRPF

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)

The Indian Veterinary Association (IVA)


Government Schemes:


National Livestock Mission

Livestock Health & Disease Control scheme

National Programme for Dairy Development (NPDD)

Livestock Census and Integrated Sample Survey

National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP)

Dairy Processing & Infrastructure Development Fund (DIFD)

Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF)

Supporting Dairy Cooperatives and Farmer Producer Organizations (SDCFPO)

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