Career Opportunity In Textile Industry | Government and Private Sector.

Career Opportunity In Textile Industry | Government and Private Sector.

Textiles have been a major driving force in India's manufacturing sector. Even before India gained independence in 1947, the country's textile industry was thriving, with over 400 textile mills employing over 500,000 people. Despite the loss of a quarter of cotton production to Pakistan, the material remained readily available for use in the country's thriving textile industry. Ahmedabad, Bombay, Indore, Kanpur, and Calcutta were major centers for this industry. The sector has had a few hiccups over the years, preventing it from capturing a large share of global trade. Nonetheless, the Government of India has launched a number of initiatives and incentives for this sector in recent years in order to help the textile industry realize its full potential. In 2021, the Indian textile and apparel market is expected to be worth US$ 151.2 billion. Looking ahead, the market is expected to reach US$ 344.1 billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR (compound annual growth rate) of 14.8% between 2022 and 2027. According to Union Textiles Minister Shri Piyush Goyal, approximately 3.5-4 crore people are employed in the total value chain of India's textile sector, making it the second largest employer after agriculture.


The textile value chain refers to the various stages of textile production and distribution, from raw material sourcing to the final sale of finished products to consumers. The following are the main stages of the textile value chain:

Raw materials: This includes sourcing and procuring raw materials such as cotton, wool, or synthetic fibers.

Spinning: The raw materials are spun into yarn, which is the fundamental unit of textile production.

Weaving or knitting: The yarn is then used to make fabrics using techniques such as weaving or knitting.

Finishing: The fabrics are then put through various finishing processes such as bleaching, dyeing, and printing.

Cutting and sewing: The fabrics are then cut and sewn together to make garments or other finished products.

Distribution and retail: The finished goods are then distributed to retailers and other outlets for consumer sale.

Various players such as manufacturers, suppliers, distributors, and retailers are involved in the production, distribution, and sale of textiles throughout the value chain. To get the business up and running, each player must hire a number of people. Staffing requirements range from entry-level positions like interns or assistants to mid-level positions like managers, supervisors, or team leaders, and senior-level positions like directors, vice presidents, or executives. Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, and Chief Operating Officer are the highest-ranking C-suite executives. They are in charge of making strategic decisions and steering the company's overall direction. Professionals with an academic background, experience, and expertise in the field of specific technologies involved in the concept and manufacturing of textiles are also given top level positions in companies in the textile industry.


The textile value chain includes a wide range of jobs, from production and manufacturing to design and sales. Some of the most important jobs in the textile value chain are:

Textile designer: A textile designer is in charge of developing and creating new textile designs and patterns. They may work in a variety of settings, such as fashion design studios, manufacturing firms, and retail establishments.

A textile technologist is in charge of testing and evaluating textiles for various properties such as strength, durability, and colorfastness. They could be involved in research and development, quality control, or product development.

Textile engineer: A textile engineer is in charge of designing and developing new textile manufacturing processes and machinery. They could work in manufacturing or research and development.

Textile quality control inspector: A textile quality control inspector is in charge of ensuring that textiles meet the required quality and performance standards. They could work in manufacturing or testing facilities.

Textile merchandiser: A textile merchandiser is in charge of sourcing and purchasing textiles for a business or retail outlet. They might also be involved in sales and marketing.

Textile production manager: Textile production managers are in charge of overseeing textile production in a factory setting. They may be involved in the planning and organization of production schedules, the supervision of production processes, and the management of budgets and resources.

A textile supply chain manager is in charge of managing the flow of materials and goods throughout the textile value chain, from raw material procurement to finished product distribution.

Textile sales representative: Textile sales representatives promote and sell textiles to customers such as clothing and home furnishings manufacturers. They could be employed by a textile manufacturer or distributor, or they could be self-employed.


Employers seek candidates with a bachelor's degree in textile design/engineering or a related field such as fashion design or art for positions such as textile designer, textile engineer, textile technologist, textile merchandiser, or textile quality control inspector. Many colleges and universities in India offer textile design programs, so you can select one that matches your interests and career objectives. You can gain practical experience while earning your degree by participating in internships or co-op programs at textile design firms or fashion houses. This will allow you to apply what you've learned in class to real-world situations while also building a portfolio of work. A strong portfolio of work is essential for a textile designer because it shows potential employers your skills and abilities. As you gain experience, make a habit of documenting and saving your work for your portfolio. Developing relationships with people in the textile design industry can be an excellent way to learn about job opportunities and get your foot in the door. Attend industry events, join professional organizations, and network with industry professionals. If you want to advance your career, you should think about getting a Master's degree in textile design or a related field. This can assist you in developing specialized skills and knowledge that will be useful in your career.

Top Institutions in India to persue career in Textile Industry.

The National Fashion Technology Institute (NIFT)

NIFT is India's leading institute for fashion and textile design education. It offers a four-year undergraduate textile design program that covers a wide range of topics related to textile design and production. The following topics are covered in the NIFT textile design program:

Textile science and technology courses cover the properties and characteristics of various fibers and fabrics, as well as the principles of textile production and processing.

Textile design: Students learn about various textile design techniques like dyeing, printing, and weaving, as well as computer-aided design software.

Textile engineering: Students learn about textile engineering principles, such as the design and operation of textile machinery and production systems.

History of fashion and textile design: Students study the history of fashion and textile design, as well as the cultural and social context of textiles.

Studio practice: Students can work on real-world design projects and build a portfolio of their work.

Internships and other experiential learning opportunities are also available through the NIFT textile design program, allowing students to apply their knowledge in real-world settings and gain practical experience. Graduates of the program are well-prepared to enter the textile design industry or further their education in the field.

National Design Institute (NID)

The National Institute of Design is widely recognized as one of the best educational and research institutions in the world for Industrial, Communication, Textile, and IT Integrated (Experiential) Design. It is a self-governing institution under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry of the Government of India. The National Institute of Design has been designated as a "Institution of National Importance" by Parliament through the National Institute of Design Act of 2014. It offers a four-year undergraduate textile design program, as well as a postgraduate program and a Ph.D. in the same field.

Textile Design encourages students to experiment with a wide range of materials and technology from the perspectives of industry, sustainability, social responsibility, and inclusive design.

The curriculum focuses on developing a wide range of skills through increasingly complex design projects in the apparel, furnishing, and related industries, with input from social sciences, craft economics, trends, brand identity, technology, and computer-aided design.

Several interdisciplinary projects for improving livelihoods/public spaces/exhibition/interiors are included in the program.

Field visits and a short training with industry provide students with exposure to all levels of industrial and craft production, while fieldwork and research allow students to develop a deeper understanding of the cultural issues that impact design.

Most graduates of the discipline find successful employment in the textile manufacturing industry or start their own businesses, while others participate in social-developmental projects, pursue higher education, or pursue academic careers.

Institute of Technology of India (IIT)

The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are a group of India's top engineering schools. The IIT courses, including textile engineering, are highly competitive and rigorous, with the goal of producing world-class engineers and scientists. Textile engineering programs at IITs cover the design, manufacture, and processing of textiles and fabrics. It encompasses a wide range of activities, such as the development of new fibers, yarns, and fabrics; the design and production of textiles for a variety of applications; and the management and optimization of textile manufacturing processes.

Textile engineering students can expect to take courses in a variety of subjects, including materials science, chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, and electrical engineering. They may also take business and management courses, as well as textile-specific courses such as textile chemistry, textile physics, and textile engineering design.

Students in textile engineering programs at the IITs may have the opportunity to participate in hands-on lab work and internships in addition to classroom instruction, which can provide valuable real-world experience and help them develop practical skills.

Overall, a degree in textile engineering from an IIT can provide students with a solid foundation in textile engineering principles and practices, as well as the skills and knowledge required to succeed in the industry.

Textile engineering is a four-year undergraduate program offered by IIT campuses in Delhi, Kanpur, Mumbai, Guwahati, and Hyderabad. Courses in textile design, production, and testing are included.

Important Links :-

Ministry of Textiles

The Indian Institute of Art and Design (IIAD)

Pearl School of Excellence

The Symbiosis Institute of Design (SID)

Kamala Nehru Polytechnic Institute of Technology

Indian Institute of Design and Innovation (ISDI)

Sri Krishna College of Arts and Sciences

J. D. Institute of Fashion Technology

The SNDT Women's University

The Weavers Studio Centre for the Arts

Indian Institute of Crafts and Design (IIC&D) (IICD)

NIFT stands for National Institute of Fashion and Textile Technology (NIFTT)

Symbiosis School of Textiles and Fashion (SSTFI)

The Academy of Fashion Studies (AFS)

The Arch Academy of Design

The National Institute of Textile Engineering and Research (NITER) (NITER)

National Institute of Textile Technology (NITT) (NITT)

The Institute of Apparel Management (IAM)

KIFT (Kalinga Institute of Fashion Technology) (KIFT)

Please keep in mind that this is not an exhaustive list, and there may be other private institutions in India that offer textile design courses.

Recruiters in the textile industry look for candidates with a strong foundation in business and management, as well as relevant industry experience, when hiring a production manager, supply chain manager, or sales manager. As a result, obtaining a bachelor's degree in business management, marketing, or supply chain management is the best way to prepare for such jobs. These programs provide a solid foundation in business principles and operations, as well as specific skills and knowledge applicable to production and supply chain management. Consider interning or working as a trainee at a company in the production or supply chain management fields to gain hands-on experience and further develop your skills and knowledge. A master's degree in the relevant field can help you advance your career and improve your prospects. Nonacademic abilities and skills are also important in increasing your employability. Hiring agents look for candidates with leadership qualities, good communication skills, organizational abilities, and analytical skills for managerial positions. This is because managers must be able to effectively lead a team while also analyzing data and making informed decisions in order to optimize the production process.

Government Schemes to Boost Textile Sector:

Handlooms Schemes

Handicrafts Schemes

Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme

Textile Cluster Development Scheme (TCDS)

Skill Development Schemes

Powerloom Sector Schemes

Jute Sector Schemes

Integrated Wool Development Programme

Silk Sector Schemes

The textile industry is always changing. Consider courses that are aligned with current and upcoming trends and technologies, as well as keeping track of industry events such as trade expositions and symposiums, to stay current and increase your chances of getting hired.

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